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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Frederick Elmer" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sun, 24 Mar 2024 22:08:09 -0400
Subject: Important inotification


Special duty, because of the time frame and our observation:

Due to the fact that your name is shortlisted for the first batch to receive your money, we contacted you sometime ago and submitted your file to the office of the honorable minister, Mr. Yaya, the head of the ministry responsible for ECOWAS Paymaster Affairs in Lome, Togo, for foreign recovery fund reconciliation payments. He reported that his executive office has contacted you repeatedly without response, and we assume fraudsters contacted us on your behalf via an intercepted or hacked email informing us that you are dead. We decided to contact you again for the last notice and to direct you to contact Mr. Sani Yaya through his contact information as follows:

Contact person: Mr. Sani Yaya,
Office: The head of the ministry responsible for ECOWAS affairs,
and the Ministre de l’Economie et des Finances, Lome Togo
phone, +228 (0) 98432645

And, due to the high rate of fraud from which many business tycoons, academicians, civil servants, and captains of industry are suffering these days, the governments of the United States of America, Europe, Asia, the African Union (AU), and world bank group representatives form an alliance and enter into a bilateral financial settlement agreement that comprises a group of central bank governors as members. However, verification and clearance mandates must be executed through any designated office they so approve in Lome Togo, the West Africa representative in this subject matter. Also, other participation is shared to avoid monopolies or bureaucratic bottlenecks.

It is obvious why you haven't received your funds over the years because you were probably dealing with deceitful officials and dishonest bankers, and our interest is to ensure that you will not become a victim of fraud again and again since the regulatory body assigned us to check the process and direct the appropriate office in Lome, Togo, to provide the financial institution that will facilitate your payment within the area. What is expected of you is to abide by our common directives. Contact Mr. Sani Yaya with your payment reference number, UN/0023/IMF/028/FATF/007, and he will guide you appropriately.

Upon your duly complying with the above, your initial funds totaling $5,000,000.00 (five million United States dollars only) will be remitted to you accordingly. Make sure at any juncture that you are not clear; contact us for proper guidance and directives.

Best regards

Frederick Elmer
Assistant Director
IFC. The International Finance Corporation,
The World Bank Group
1818 H St NW
Washington, DC 20433,

Anti-fraud resources: