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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "USADF" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sun, 3 Mar 2024 14:09:00 -0500
Subject: Re: Award program 2023/2024

Dear Beneficiary
Re: Poverty Alleviation Fund Project, Phase 201
Subject matter: USD 4,800,000.00 Grant


After monitoring your contribution to society, we deemed it fit to give you a grant (money) of USD 4,800,000.00 from the U.S. African Development Foundation's (USADF) project surplus fund on your request. Our head office is in the United States, at 1400 I St. NW, Suite 1000, Washington, DC 20005, USA. I was presently in Lome, Togo, on a poverty alleviation and educational/professional research grant promotional award program. Feel free to reach me on the phone at +228 (96924952) or for further inquiries. Congratulations,

Note that, with facts, we compensate all scam victims.

Yours faithfully
Emmanuel Diego,
Directeur de Zone USADF Lom? Togo

Anti-fraud resources: