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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Mr David Matthew <>
Reply-To: "" <>
Date: Mon, 29 Jan 2024 20:36:56 -0300 (ART)
Subject: WhatsApp Only:+2348055677107

Hello, how are you doing today ? This is Donald Mike Contacting you from the Border Customs and protection division, I'm contacting you regarding a package that just arrived at our custody right now with your Email on it, so provide your information so that we will hand it over to a cab or a delivering company to get it to you as soon as possible
WhatsApp Only:+2348055677107

Anti-fraud resources: