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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "\"Martin Barreiro\" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Thu, 7 Sep 2023 00:39:54 -0700
Subject: I need your urgent response.

Good Morning,
My name is Mr. Martin Jose Barreiro, from Madrid Spain. I have previously sent you an email regarding a transaction of US$13.5 Million left behind by my late client before his tragic death. However, I am contacting you once again because after going through your profile, I strongly believe that you will be in a better position to execute this business transaction with me.
If you are interested to proceed with me, kindly respond to me via my private email for more detail. I suggest after the transaction, we donate 10% of the money to charity organizations while the remaining 90% is shared equally between us thus 45% each;
This transaction is 100% risk free and I look forward to your response.
Yours sincerely
Martin Jose Barreiro,,
Phone. +34 661 220 756

Anti-fraud resources: