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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Matthew Whittering" <>
Date: Wed, 23 Aug 2023 14:47:53 -0700
Subject: Rep Needed!!

Top of the day to you. Due to the outbreak of the covid-19 pandemic, there is this New Potential Role (Arcno Alloy Industries) is offering in the USA/Canada and I think you will be interested in it. To know more about the job description, role and compensation, kindly indicate your interest.

Note: The job position will only take a few minutes of your time while you Earn Extra income while doing your normal Job/Business.

Best Regards,
Matthew Whittering

Anti-fraud resources: