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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Mr Kabiru Wahid <>
Date: Fri, 25 Aug 2023 08:41:02 -0700
Subject: Please Reply Me Urgent

Dear Sir, I am Mr. Kabiru Wahid. I got your contact information from a
reputable business/professional directory. I'm working with a Bank as
one of the Senior Staff. I am writing you this memory, because I have
an urgent BUSINESS PROPOSAL for you that will benefit both of us and
it’s urgent. USD$41.6 Million Dollars. is an abandoned Fund with no
one to lay claim on it, The Depositor died Years ago, I cross-check
his file no next of kin, I will use my position in bank as Senior
Staff move/transfer the Fund to your account for mutual benefit of our
both families,

For more details, write me on my personal contact (

Yours Sincerely,
Mr.Kabiru Wahid.

Anti-fraud resources: