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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Elon Musk Foundation <zabbix@CA-PSA.COM>
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sun, 30 Jul 2023 18:57:37 -0700

Congratulations. This email is from Elon Musk and team SpaceX's founder, CEO and chief engineer; early-stage investor, CEO and product architect of Tesla, Inc. Founder of The Boring Company, and co-founder of Neuralink and OpenAI. With an estimated net worth of around $245 billion. Your email was randomly selected from the European and US email database and you received 18,087.71 Tesla Stock (TSLA) equal to $4,124,270.00 USD at $228.0 per stock.

Please take this email very, very seriously and email the Claims Department (

Anti-fraud resources: