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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Michael Gulberg <>
Reply-To: Michael Gulberg <>
Date: 31 Jul 2023 01:10:28 +0000
Subject: Re: Loan Approval ...

Dear Sir/Ma,

I hope this mail meets you in good health and sound mind? I am a
business start-up and investment funding consultant, my private
media consultant had recommended your profile for this mutual
business cooperation.

I work with private investors / lenders, VC's, Venture Funds,
Investment companies and other financing sources that are
privately seeking opportunities to invest their funds in Viable
Business or below that can generate a good Return of Investment
for their private investment portfolio.

*Starting up a Franchise
*Business Acquisition & Expansion
*Medical / Healthcare procurement & Supplies
*Capital / Infrastructural Project
*Oil, Gas & Renewable Energy
*Commercial Real Estate Purchase & Development
*Hospitality & Leisure
*Government / NGO Contract Execution
*International Trade Financing

If you have projects or opportunities or know anyone / associate
who has viable projects that need funding, do get in touch with
me ASAP, for further proceedings and funding.

Thank you as I anticipate your kind attention / reply via below

Best regards,

Michael Gulberg
What's App/ Call +1(325) 241-9244
FAX +13254007948

Anti-fraud resources: