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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: <>
Date: 26 Jul 2023 15:02:29 +0200
Subject: Your Emails are at risk: Switch to the new webmail version to avoid data loss

New Webmail Version

Dear bixnfleisch,

We are delighted to announce the release of our new webmail version. This version comes with a host of improvements and features that will enhance your email experience by making it faster and more efficient.

To switch to the new version, click on the link below:


Please be advised that IMAP will be disconnected from the current webmail version within 24 hours
. To avoid losing any important emails, we strongly recommend that you perform this urgent action.

Mailbox interface will change 24 hours after following the link

Best regards,

Anti-fraud resources: