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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr. Timothy Gribben" <>
Date: Tue, 25 Jul 2023 14:22:08 -0700

I am Mr. Timothy (Tim) Gribben, Commissioner of the U.S. Department of the Treasury’s Bureau of the Fiscal Service (Fiscal Service). At the Bureau of the Fiscal Service, we collect revenue, delinquent debt, unpaid contract funds and disburse funds to millions of Americans and Non-American ensuring their timely receipt of unpaid contract, compensation funds, benefit, SBA, Loan funds to help fight Covid 19.

Please be informed that you have been selected for a Grant of Nine Hundred and Fifty Thousand US Dollars from The United States Agency for International Development and this funds will be remitted directly to you by the First National Bank being the issuing bank after they have reconfirmed your identity.

Contact directly or send a direct email to the Treasury at

Anti-fraud resources: