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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: James Koffi <>
Date: Tue, 25 Jul 2023 18:15:29 -0600
Subject: I have successfully transferred the fund

Hello my good friend,

How are you doing, hope all is well with you?

You may not understand why this email message came to you,but if you do not
remember me,you might have received an email from me in the past regarding
a multi-million-dollar business proposal which we never concluded. I am
using this opportunity to inform you that the multi-million-dollar business
has been concluded with the assistance of another partner from France who
financed the transaction to a logical conclusion. I thank you for your
great efforts to our unfinished transfer of fund into your account due to
one reason or the other best known to you. I want to inform you that I have
successfully transferred the fund to my new partner's account in France
that was capable of assisting me in this great venture. Due to your effort,
sincerity,courage and trust worthiness you showed during the course of the
transaction. I want to compensate you and show my gratitude to you with the
sum of $350,000.00. I have left a Certified Bank Draft for you worth
$350,000.00 cash-able anywhere in the world, Three Hundred and Fifty
Thousand United States Dollars Only.

Kindly contact my account officer through this email address ( for the collection of your bank draft check, his name
is Mr. Francis Gabriel, I have authorized him to release the Bank Draft to
you whenever you contact him regarding it. At the moment, I'm very busy
with my new partner because of an investment project which we are having at
hand here. Please I will like you to accept this token with good faith as
this is from the bottom of my heart,Also comply with Mr. Gabriel's
directive so that your DRAFT can reach you without delay. Note his contact
details below:

Name: Francis Gabriel

I did not forget your past efforts and attempts to help in receiving the
fund as requested in the past, Now I am rejoicing, so I and my partner are
giving you this, so that you can rejoice too.

Yours sincerely,
James Koffi.

Anti-fraud resources: