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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: ""EECHNBK" <" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Tue, 25 Jul 2023 16:15:46 -0700
Subject: Investment & Claim

Greetings My Friend
This letter serves as a confirmation of my interest to partner with you on a profitable Business venture, I am Mr Yong, a banker with a financial Institution here in China and I am writing to you for an opportunity that will benefit us both immensely. As an head of audit department,I discovered an unclaimed inheritance fund of Five Million, Five Hundred Thousand United States Dollars only and i wish to lay down your name as the next of kin to the amount in question due to the death of the depositor who died 8 years ago along with her family.
However,I assure you this will be executed under a legitimate arrangement that will protect you from any breach of the law both in your country and here in China once the fund is transferred to your bank account. The funds I am referring to are right here in this bank floating in a suspense account,therefore I solicit for your cooperation to be in collaboration with me to have this done.
Pls reply immediately for further details.
I urgently hope to get your response as soon as possible.
Fund Allocation Officer
China Citic Bank.

Anti-fraud resources: