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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr. Usman" <>
Date: Tue, 25 Jul 2023 13:28:39 -0700
Subject: THANKS t,


How are you doing?

Your Compensation Fund which is currently estimated at $1,000,000.00
(One Million United States Dollars) has been approved by the DMO/FCA.
After the last survey/draw your e-mail ID was randomly selected among
those to receive this Fund. if you are still interested in receiving
this compensation you are advice to reconfirm your Full name, your
house address and your contact telephone number and scan copy of your

You are advice to select from the options below, the means by which
you will like to receive your Fund:

(1) Online Payment


Feel free to contact me for further explanation via my official email
at ( ) for more details about your payment.

Mr. Usman Bello

Anti-fraud resources: