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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr. Paul A. Maroga" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Tue, 25 Jul 2023 10:24:15 -0700

From:Director Project Implementation
South African Anglo Gold Corporation.
Mr.Paul Maroga

Dear Friend

I am Mr. Paul Maroga , Director Project Implementation with South
African Anglo-Gold Corporation in Johannesburg and a member of the
Contract Tenders Board (CTB) of the above corporation. Your esteemed
address was reliably introduced to me from the South African Chamber
of Commerce and Industry in my search for a reliable,
individual/company who can handle a strictly confidential transaction,
which involves the transfer of a reasonable sum of money to a foreign

The amount of money involved is US$35,000,000.00. This money has
already been extracted from various contracts awarded by this
corporation, as a result of over-invoicing masterminded by the
concerned officials involved, this has been drafted to represent the
final payment for a contract that has been executed to this
corporation some years back, the money is now in the Reserve Bank of
South Africa awaiting to claim.

Now is the optimum period to consummate this fund, following the
presidential directive to all parasitics to settle all outstanding
debts owed to both local and foreign contractors? In my last meeting
with the Officials involved, it was unanimously agreed that 30% of the
total sum will be given to you, 60% will be for us while 10% will be
used to reimburse the expenses that you will have incurred in the
processing of this transfer.

I assure you that this transaction is 100% risk free as we have
concluded every arrangement to protect the interest of everyone
involved, Likewise all modalities for the successful transfer of this
fund have been worked out with Ministry of finance and the Reserve
Bank of South Africa to facilitate the remittance of this fund to your
designated account within 72 hours after your claim has been approved.

However, I would want to believe that you are honest enough and will
not raise any misgiving attitude in any aspect of the transaction,
more importantly, that you will keep this transaction very
confidential so as not to tarnish the confidence reposed on these
officials by the Government of South Africa.

Please treat this information as confidential.

Best Regards,

Mr. Paul A. Maroga
Director Project Implementation.
South African Anglo Gold Corporation

Anti-fraud resources: