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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "PARK K CHOONG" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Mon, 8 May 2023 04:28:33 -0700
Subject: Investment Offer***

I have an investment proposal for your consideration. I am Park Kim-Choong, only child of Late, Woo Kim-Choong, the founder of many Korean leading companies. I have a legitimate business offer for you regarding some secret fund of One Hundred and Fifty Million (150 mil) United States Dollars, deposited by my late father in one of the finance firm in North America. I want this fund invested for a period of ten (10) years.I will be ready to negotiate terms with you, if I know your financial capability, experience and investment preposition. I will direct you to the useful contact, where this process will be concluded within matter of days.
If you will be honest and willing to Partner with me as I’ve mentioned.I will like you to provide me your personal data like:

(1) Your full name:
(2) Direct Phone number:
(3) Your identity:

I will furnish you with more information when I receive a response from you.
Park Kim Choong

Anti-fraud resources: