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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr. Robert Davidson, Sec" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Mon, 8 May 2023 06:44:39 -0700
Subject: From: Mr. Robert Davidson...

Dear Sir/Madam,

We are high net worth investors (financiers) interested to support individuals, start-ups, companies and private corporate projects in form of a debt-financing and equity financing for post COVID-19 recovery.
Our firm was notified by our affiliate financial associate in your area regarding your urgent project(s) funding needs. Are you still interested to receive your desired financing with favorable terms?
We were notified by our affiliate financial associate in your area about your desire to secure immediate funding for your project(s). Are you willing to take advantage of our unique funding opportunities and manage our funds on a well done package and a profitable business that can generate viable ROI?
Note that if you do not have immediate funding needs but interested in becoming our agent; you shall be entitled to a salary or commission annually.

Thanks for your quick response for more details.

Best Regards,

Mr. Robert Davidson, Sec.
Royal Gulf Investment Company,
Kingdom of Bahrain.
Fax: +(937) 17500 EXT 212

Anti-fraud resources: