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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mrs Katherine Patrick" <>
Date: Mon, 08 May 2023 11:22:55 +0100

Hello Beloved,

My name is Katherine Patrick and I was born in Louisana not far from Houston Texas but married to my husband Robert Patrick from United Kingdom who working and living in Usa as of then, but we finally move down to United Kingdom my husband's home town in Wales the Northern part . I wrote you this letter because I need your assistance.

. I grew up in an orphanage and was married to my late husband for 26 years without a child and my husband died as a result of road accident in 2018. I am 68years I am currently suffering from liver cancer and my health is deteriorating speedily. Just yesterday, the specialist handling my case told me that I have a few days to live on earth and I became so worried because of the sad news he gave me.

Now, I want my inheritance funds to be used for charity works. My instinct leads me to write this letter to you and seek your assistance to handle this task in the way I will instruct you and maybe God will consider me worthy his presence when I die.

If you accept to handle the task, I shall will my inheritance funds ($20M USD) to you to start the charity work and I shall leave you with instructions on how to manage the funds.

I wait to hearing from you through this email: as soon as possible.

Katherine Patrick

Anti-fraud resources: