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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: " Benita Miranda" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Mon, 8 May 2023 03:36:02 -0700

Nybrogade 2
1200 Copenhagen K


Good day, First let me apologize if this email does not suit your business or personal ethics. I am Benita Miranda .I have been
diagnosed with Esophageal cancer and I am currently undergoing treatment in Denmark.

It has defiled all forms of medical treatment and now I have a few months to live and I want you to help me distribute my funds to
charities. If you are Interested please mail me back for more detailed information.

Your immediate response will be appreciated

Best Regards

Benita Miranda

Anti-fraud resources: