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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr. Jerome Powell" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Fri, 28 Apr 2023 15:00:07 -0700
Subject: Attn: Dear Fund Beneficiary, 12 friday 28/4

33 Liberty St, New York, NY 10045, United States.
Phone  1(646) 741-9009
Attn: Dear Fund Beneficiary,
On the 27th March, 2023 received a payment credit instruction from The President Of USA to credit your account with your full Inheritance fund of USD$10.5Million dollars from the United Nation reserve account with our bank, Bank of America.
However, you shall required to provide the followings data's below:
{1}. Your Full Name and Address.:
{2}. Your Confidential Tel, Cell and Fax.
{3). Your Bank name and address.:
{4). Your A/c Name and A/c Numbers.:
(5). Your Swift Code / Routing Numbers.:
(6). A passport photograph
Please do provide the above information accurately, because this office cannot afford to be held liable for any wrong transfer of funds or liability of funds credited into an unknown account.
Thanks for banking with FRBNY while we look forward to  serving you with the best of our service.
Yours in Service,
Mr. Jerome Powell
Chairman Federal Reserve Bank of New York.

Anti-fraud resources: