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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Grace Gurley" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sun, 7 May 2023 09:53:31 -0700
Subject: Attention please!

My name is Grace Gurley . This is to inform you that United Nations
( UN ) in collaboration with International Monetary Funds ( IMF ) have
selected few individuals to be given the sum of USD$2,500,000 as a
grant in respect of havoc caused by Covid-19
Note that you are one of the lucky persons to receive the funds of
USD$USD$2,300,000 and we
shall be sending it to you as soon we hear from you
contact Mr. Frank Scott, Tele: +22957374667 Email:
he'll keep sending your payment until your total fund of $2.5Million
is Completely
sent to you through MoneyGram.
Your Name________
Address: ____________
Country: ____________
Phone Number: ________
Mrs.Grace Gurley

Anti-fraud resources: