fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "western union" (this will cost you money - be careful with upfront payments to anyone you only know through email, especially if they promise you a lot of money. NEVER send money by Western Union or MoneyGram to people you do not know personally - NO EXCEPTIONS! Instant wire transfer services are not meant to be used with strangers because they offer no protection against fraud. That is precisely why the criminals want you send money that way. )
- "money gram" (this will cost you money - be careful with upfront payments to anyone you only know through email, especially if they promise you a lot of money. NEVER send money by Western Union or MoneyGram to people you do not know personally - NO EXCEPTIONS! Instant wire transfer services are not meant to be used with strangers because they offer no protection against fraud. That is precisely why the criminals want you send money that way. )
- "consignment " (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "00,000.00" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "courier company" (Courier companies mentioned in 419 scams are always fake. They will have you send money to them, but won't deliver anything. )
- "cotonou" (a location commonly mentioned in 419 scams)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- Western Union money transfer is completely untraceable and therefore is *not* safe to use with anyone you do not know personally. It is the preferred method of online criminals to collect money from their victims.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "##@@orab" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Sat, 15 Apr 2023 07:19:27 -0700
Subject: Hello Dear
Ora Bank Group cooperative service
Debts Management Office
9C3J+WM8, Rue du Gouverneur
Fourn, Cotonou, Benin
Tel: +229 61617669, Code: 0910
Re: 2023 FINAL PAYMENT NOTICE- BR/ CP0325/23.
We wish to inform you that we have received instruction from A.U
members lead by President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi to pay you the sum of
Seven million five hundred thousand Euro (â¬7.500,000.00) through
diplomatic hand delivery.
Due to global economic crises we have deducted the sum of â¬3,000 from
your (â¬7.500,000.00) to take care of the expenses. Therefore the total
Funds you will receive in a consignment box is Seven million four
hundred and ninety seven thousand Euro (â¬7.497,000.00).We have
finalized arrangements to have this delivery done with UN Courier
Company. Be informed that A.U have warned us to make sure that you
stop further communication with other fake offices who claim that they
will pay you through Western Union,Money Gram, Bank Draft/Cheque, or
wire Transfer because all of them will demand for fees.
A.U members lay the instructions down to avoid any mistake. So I want
you to assure and promise us that you will never communicate with
those fake offices before we can precede further the progress of this
delivery. To this end we request you to reconfirm below information to
ensure accurately delivery.
Your Cell phone no:
Your Country of origin:
Your Nearest Airport:
This required information will form the basis of delivery
schedule.Once we receive the information your Funds will be shipped
immediately after clearance.Because of the impostors, we hereby issue
you our code of conduct which is (YD/HE/VR/FS179) so you have to
indicate this code when contacting us by using it as a subject.For
more details call me on my direct phone no: +22969903765
Ferdinand NGON KEMOUM
DIRECTOR CASH PROCESSING UNIT
ORA BANK BENIN