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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr George Soros Billionaire investor" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sat, 15 Apr 2023 06:52:51 -0700

Kind Attention Dear,
Following the outbreak and subsequent spread of the coronavirus
pandemic globally, our consortium of NON GOVERNMENTAL
ORGANIZATION(NGO) have come together to assist the poor,
needy, widows, orphans and the downtrodden in your country.
In the light of the above, the sum of US$2,500,000 has been
approved as donation for procurement of food, drugs,
and other relief materials to assist the affected victims.
If you would be very honest to handle this project as my
representative in your country, kindly reply with your Name,
Address and Mobile number for further details.
Reply for more details Email:
I await your response
Yours Sincerely,
Mr  George Soros    Billionaire investor

Anti-fraud resources: