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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

Date: Sat, 15 Apr 2023 19:11:16 +0200
Subject: Products Trading Division

Invitation to tender (Crude Oil Partnership trade)

I reviewed your reputable profile which gives me the intuition that you
will be a potential business partner in a crude oil venture with my
company; I need a potential business partner in a crude oil venture of two
Million (2,000 000 ) barrels monthly involving the NATIONAL OIL CORPORATION
OF LIBYA (NOC) and our Oil Refinery Sdn Bhd Company. This crude oil
venture will gain commissions up to the value of $4Million to $8 Million
in revenue approximately per trade with the NOC; RE;REPLY IF YOUR


Engr Yohan Blake

Procurement Supervisor

Independent Feasibility/Project Management Consultant
Crude Oil & Products Trading Division
Asia Oil Refinery Sdn Bhd

Anti-fraud resources: