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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Suwondo Hanafia <>
Date: Sat, 15 Apr 2023 06:29:01 +0000
Subject: So much appreciate your consideration

Hello friend,

I know it might be difficult for you to believe me because of the high
rate of scams going around the internet. I am not asking for money in
anyway, and I do not need your financial assistance, but to plead In
the name of God, please grant the last wish of a dying man. I want my
only son to come over to your country, and I promised to pay
for whatever it is going to cost and also give you enough money to
help me establish his future there in your country.

I'm Suwondo Hanafia, 65 years old, suffering from lung cancer of the
lungs. According to the doctor's report, I do not have much time to
life and My son's future is bothering me so much. He is just 17 years
old, and I want the best for him. I don't want to imagine him
suffering when leave this world. Help me accept him as a son, friend,
and brother and be his guardian. Please accept my last wish for the
sake of God and humanity.

I will be glad to hear from you, please. Please remember me in your
prayers. Please pray for God's blessing on you and your family.


Anti-fraud resources: