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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr. Friedman" <>
Date: Fri, 14 Apr 2023 22:27:39 -0700
Subject: Attn: Director C.E.O,

Attn: Director C.E.O,


My name is David Friedman and i am representing an investor with a mandate
to help find a dependable international trustee to channel the
investment fund of USD $100 Million Dollars ($100m) into a 10 years’
profitable project that will target a reasonable return on investment
(ROI) Please if you are interested to proceed let me know the area of
investment you would recommend.

Kindly get back to me with your
full name,Your country,Your telephone
number to my private E-mail (

Thank you as I await your swift action.
David Friedman

Anti-fraud resources: