fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "cheque " (Beware of any scheme that involves cashing checks or money orders and then wiring a portion of the funds somewhere - you'll be liable for the entire amount if the checks or money orders turn out to be fake, even after you have received and forwarded cash. If it's a lottery prize, remember that real lotteries do not pay large prizes by check. They wire the money directly to your bank account and you do not pay for that. Many scammers promise a large check only in order to then demand payment of courier fees for a fake courier service. )
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (Outblaze.com, Hong Kong; can be used from anywhere worldwide)
- package from the company. god bless you. email:mail to: email@example.com email:mail to: firstname.lastname@example.org fedex 25kg (Accountant; can be used from anywhere worldwide)
Fraud email example:
From: "Dr.Frank Okechi" <email@example.com>
Date: Fri, 14 Apr 2023 12:45:50 -0800
Subject: FedEx Express
I have paid the fee for your cheque draft and I took it to the
FINANCIAL BANK PLC to confirm it then the Manager of the Bank MR
BENARD UGO told me that before the check can get to you it will expire
on the way and if it expired it will become useless so He advises me
to convert $4.5m (FOUR MILLION FIVE HUNDRED THOUSAND DOLLARS) into
cash and pack it into the strong iron box and deposit it in FEDEX
EXPRESS DELIVERY COMPANY to deliver it in cash to you. and I did it as
he advised me because he is a banker he knows the durability of any
foreign check or draft.
I deposited the said package in the FedEx Express Delivery Company as
a cotton material for security reasons. so do not let the company to
know the real contents of the package so that they can deliver it for
I want you to contact the company immediately with the following
formations I gave them the information you need to reconfirm it for
them. Below is the required information you need to give them now,
1. YOUR FULL NAME :
2. HOME ADDRESS :
3. YOUR COUNTRY
4. YOUR NEAREST AIRPORT :
5. YOUR PHONE AND FAX NUMBER :
6. COPY OF YOUR PHOTO
7. YOUR AGE AND MARITAL STATUS :
8. YOUR OCCUPATION :
All these things are needed from you now to submit to the company for
urgent delivery of your package containing $4.5M Please contact the
delivery company immediately and reconfirm your info to them to enable
their agent to locate you when he arrived in your country. This is the
company contact info.
Dr.Frank Okechi Director General
FedEx Express Delivery Company .
Please contact the company immediately after you receive this email so
that your package will leave tonight to be delivered to you. Get back
to me as
soon as you receive your package from the company.
God Bless you.
Email:mail to: firstname.lastname@example.org
Email:mail to: email@example.com
FedEx 25kg Box