fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: TD BANK <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Fri, 14 Apr 2023 19:16:07 +0100
Subject: TD BANK
WASHINGTON, DC 20005, UNITED STATE
LINE: 1 202 *** ****
TD bank wishes to inform you that a donation was made to us by members
of the publishing house to be distributed to the names on a list they
sent us and your name happens to be on it. This is why we emailed you
to let you you know of this donation that has to go to each and every
name on the list as their way of helping random economy affected or
fraud victims affected individuals.
Note: We will not disclose the amount to be received by you till we
get a response from you with below information that shows you are the
beneficiary we are looking to contact.
Valid ID card.
We will request your full details on confirming you are the person we
are set to contact.
Your response are welcomed.
Yours In Service.