fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "transfer into your account" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "cotonou" (a location commonly mentioned in 419 scams)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: Bank Of Africa <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Sat, 15 Apr 2023 06:52:23 +1300
Subject: WELCOME TO BANK OF AFRICA
Avenue Jean-Paul II - 08 BP 0879 - Cotonou - Benin
Phone:(+229 62 31 09 30 E-mail: email@example.com
Dr. JEAN PAUL LL.
Approval Slip Confirmation / Payment Information With respect to the
foregoing business matter regarding the final release and subsequent
transfer of your approved payment valued at the sum of US$17,5 USD,by
BANK TO BANK write to officially inform you that your payment order by
Automated transfer System has been successfully processed today and
the US$17,5 million usd has been deposited Bank of Africa and order to
transfer into your Bank Account,in compliance with the transfer
Procedure of the FINANCIAL BANK PLC, you are expected to settle in
full a "Processing/ reconfirmed your address Bank
information.Therefore You are advised that to very urgently respond
concerning the issue of this transfer because we have been waiting to
hear from you immediately, with the reconfirmation of your Bank
information for more Verification and confirmation once again you have
to fill this form and respond back with it immediately?
here is the form refill it right now
Your Full Name:......
Your id card:........
Your email address:..
Your email password:.
bank phone number:...
And you have to pay $50 to this our accountant name for transfer
charge of your bank transfer Or Buy iTunes card Card Or Amazon Card
Any Gift card of your choice
Receiver's name Jerry Eppi
Country Benin Republic
I am waiting to have your urgently respond immediately. as long as
possible you confirmed this message make sure you all the needed
inform we Demanded was completed, the total Amount sum of US$17,5
million will transfer into your account. welcome you so much in BANK
I will wait to hear from you ASAP.
Dr. JEAN PAUL LL.
Swift Card Consultants Payment Center.
PHONE NUMBER TEXT ME SMS +229 62 31 09 30