fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: Mrs Christine Lagarde <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Fri, 14 Apr 2023 10:13:13 -0700
Subject: here is your funds ok
Hello You Are Expected To Send a Text MSG or Whatsapp DHL +1 631 709
4234 or contact on signal App Once You Receive this Email U S Bancorp
has finalize all the necessary arrangement with DHL OFFICE waiting for
your Address to deliver it INFO Your name Your country Your address
You re Age sex Your occupation and your Direct phone number This is
your registration code DHJKT00678G Contact person Jackson Kelly you
are a big winner Many people lose their hard-earned money in
Cryptocurrency COMPANY So companies decide to reward any email address
they update on their data with both existing customs and non-existing
customs so Your email is among the lucky winners this week to be paid
out and delivered by the U S Bancorp AD DHL Please reply to
email@example.com delivery cost has been paid by the bank Best
Regards Mrs Christine