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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Mustafa Idris <>
Date: Fri, 14 Apr 2023 16:48:58 +0100

My name is Mustafa Idris i was the chief cook to Yahya Jammeh the
former Gambian president who is now in Equatorial Guinea on exile, i
have $10.5 million dollars deposited in a Security & Safe Keeping
company on my name by my former boss waiting to be claimed, from my
private search for a responsible/reliable person i came across your

i need a sincere & a reliable foreign investor/partner who
can help claim and invest the money in his/her country, i will like us
to work together for this particular purpose, I will be very glad if
you will take into consideration this transaction and respond as soon
as possible.Send the following information,

1, Private email address -
2, Full Name -
3, Nationality -
4, Profession -
5, Marital Statue -
6. Date of Birth -
7. Telephone -

send you respond to this mail Box ( )

I await your kind and positive update.

Mustafa Idris

Anti-fraud resources: