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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Ann Farzara" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Thu, 13 Apr 2023 21:31:07 -0700
Subject: Assistance URGENT

I am Ann Mari Farzara the only daughter of late Fredrick Farzara My father who was a very wealthy cocoa merchant in Lome the economic capital of Togo.
My late father deposited USD7,000,000.00 in the bank before his death and i need your assistance to receive this fund for investment in your country while i come to your country and continue my education
Anticipating to receive your reply immediately for more details to receive my inheritance money into an account of your choice that will be provided to the bank where my late father deposited this money.
Thanks and God bless you for helping an orphan like me.
Best regards,
Ann Mari Farzara

Anti-fraud resources: