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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

Click here to report a problem with this page.



Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Gilbert Adjiwanou Esq." <>
Date: Thu, 13 Apr 2023 15:50:00 +0100
Subject: United Nations Verification and Inspection Commission/Are You Alive?

United Nations Verification and Inspection Commission/Are You Alive?

Dear Sir,

This is to inform you that last month, the New American Government,
meeting in Switzerland concerning the over due payment of
contractual/inheritance funds owed to foreigners by African Nations.

The IMF representative in the meeting pointed out that cause of delays
was due to African banking systems; It was therefore unanimously
agreed by all the authorities concerned that the sum of USD2.5M be
paid to 40 beneficiaries and your email address was selected among the
winners to benefit from this first phase of the program.

It was also agreed that the USD2.5M will be delivered to beneficiaries
Cash or by ATM CARD via United Nations Diplomatic Correspondent to
your home address to avoid long process of telegraphic transfers from

But while we are still on verification, we just got a shocking news
and email from one MR FRANK, who claim to be your elder brother with
one Mr RICHARD BAKARE claiming to be your family attorney, in there
statement, you died last month, are you still alive or death?

Sir, in your return mail, if truly you are alive and wish to receive
your fund cash or ATM Card in your home, get back to us with your
personal details as stated below;

1. Your Scan Passport
2. Your Marital Status
3. Age
4. Occupation
5. Address and Direct Mobile Number

Waiting for your reply attached with your personal details as
mentioned above, Send your personal details to our USA departmental
head as follows:-


Contact Name: Mr. Michael Rice

E-Mail :
Direct Mobile :


James Knight
Verification and Inspection Commission
United Nations
Office New York, NY 10017, USA.
(United Nations Compensation Commission, MAKING THE WORLD A BETTER PLACE).

Confidentiality Note:
The information contained in this message is confidential and/or
privileged. This message is intended to be read only by the person
named above. The unauthorized use, disclosure, copying or alteration
of this message is strictly prohibited. If you are not the
addressee,(or responsible for delivery of the message to the
addressee), please notify the originator by return.

Anti-fraud resources: