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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Private Message <>
Date: Thu, 13 Apr 2023 13:51:52 +0100
Subject: Please Respond


My name is Eduard Lysovysk from Ukraine; but shortly before the war broke
out in Ukraine, I had an oil business deal worth millions of dollars I was
working on in Nigeria, because I represent AZOV PETROLEUM LLC which is an
oil Company in Ukraine.

Yesterday I got a call from my partners that the business has been
successfully executed and my payment awaits me. Due to the war in Ukraine
most of our banks are no longer viable. Please I need your assistance in
receiving the payment on my behalf. I am ready to give you 20% of the money
for your help. More details upon receiving your response.

Thank you.


Eduard Lysovysk

Anti-fraud resources: