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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Mahmood Yakubu <>
Date: Thu, 13 Apr 2023 12:20:10 +0100
Subject: Regarding election

Dear Sir/Madam,

I know that this letter may come to you as a surprise since I had no
previous correspondence with you. I am Prof. Mahmood Yakubu the
current Chairman of Independent National Electoral Commission of
Nigeria (INEC). I got your contact in the course of my search for a
reliable person(s) with whom to handle a very confidential transaction
involving the transfer of fund valued at Sixty Two Million United
States Dollars (US$62M) to a safe foreign account.

The above fund in question is not connected with arms, drugs or money
laundering. It is the product of over invoice on contract awarded in
February 2022 by Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC)
after the necessary bill passed by Senate of Federal Republic of
Nigeria, to a foreign company for the supply of Direct Data Capture
BVAS Machine for Registration and Revalidation of Voters Card for the
just concluded 2023 elections. The contract has been executed by the
four different companies from Canada, Japan ,India and a Local company
here in Nigeria and payment of the actual contract amount made to the
contractors leaving the balance of $62M United States Dollars in a
dormant account which my colleagues and I now want to transfer out of
the Nigeria shore into a reliable foreign account for our personal
use. As civil servants, we do not have the necessary foreign account
machinery to successfully handle this transaction. Therefore it
becomes necessary to source for a foreign company with the capability
to act as the original beneficiary of the contract.

It is a good thing that the president has endorsed the resolution
passed by the senate that all foreign contractors owed by the federal
government of Nigeria should be paid, we will seize this good
opportunity to purport you as one of the beneficiaries to be paid. If
you are interested in this proposal kindly email to me your letter of
acceptance along with your direct contact details ,but if you cannot
for any reason handle this transaction i should be grateful if you can
introduce it to a reliable and trust worthy person in which in any
case your interest will be properly taken care of. Meanwhile, my
colleagues and I have decided to share the money in the following
ratio: 70% for my colleagues and I, then 25% for you the account owner
and 5% for all local and international expenses that may arise in the
course of this transaction. Further details about this transaction
will be discussed in the subsequent correspondence. This transaction
is strictly confidential but 100% risk free.

Note also that the particular nature of your business is irrelevant to
this transaction and this transaction is expected to be concluded
within 25 working days since all local contacts and arrangements have
been properly perfected for a smooth and successful conclusion of this
transaction. If this proposal is acceptable by you, please confirm
your interest via this email address.

Yours faithfully,
Prof.Mahmood Yakubu

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