fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "dear friend" (a common phrase found in 419 scams)
- "million us dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "can i trust you?" (a common phrase found in 419 scams)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: Sgt Morgan kim <email@example.com>
Date: Thu, 13 Apr 2023 03:32:07 -0700
Subject: PLEASE I NEED YOUR URGENTLY HELP
Greetings, I really wish to have you as my good friend and also wish
to entrust some funds into your care but I have already sent the funds
out of Damascus Syria before we left the country. I need your sincere
and truthful friendship. My name is Sgt Morgan kim . I served as a
Marine Corps in the United States of America Camp Leatherneck Damascus
Syria then before the Taliban takeover.
I have $6.5 Million US dollars that I successfully moved out of the
country. I need a good partner, someone I can trust. It is oil
business money we did with Syria citizens worth 42 million US
dollars, but the 6.5 million US Dollars stated is my share of the
business and it's legal. I have successfully moved the funds out of
Damascus Syria as family valuables with help of JP Williams Trust
security Company through their branch in the Middle East.
The most important thing is ''' Can I Trust You? Once the funds get to
you, you take your 30% out and keep my own 70%. Your own part of this
deal is to find a safe place where my part of the funds will be until
I come and meet with you for discussions on investment plans,but I
have more interest in real estate or any other profitable investment .
If you are interested I will furnish you with more details.
But the whole process is simple and we must keep a low profile at all times.
I look forward to your reply and co-operation, and I thank you in
advance as I anticipate your cooperation.
Sgt Morgan kim