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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Chris.Stephenson<>
Date: 13 Apr 2023 01:43:39 -0700
Subject: Business investments and finance......

Good day,


We are an offshore investments consulting and business finance brokerage services firm in Castletown, the Isle of Man. The company is currently providing consulting services to a foreign investor in Russia that is looking for long-term investment opportunities outside of the country.

I would like a privilege to discuss with you an offer put forward by this investor to see if it will be appealing to you.




Chris Stephenson.

CEO/Principal Partner.


HQ:  Unit 3, Balthane Industrial Estate.              

Ballasalla, Castletown.1M9 2AJ.              

Isle of Man. 

Branch Office: Traplet House,

Pendragon Close, Malvern


WR14 1GA . England.

Anti-fraud resources: