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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Mr Micheal Bill <>
Date: Thu, 13 Apr 2023 01:05:27 -0700


This is Mr.Micheal Bill, DHL store manager. i am writing to you in
respect to your fund worth the sum of $20 Million USD which has been
under our custody for a long time as no news has been heard from you
kindly reply back to us here with your receivers address and your
phone number if you are ready to pick up your fund, And make sure that
you reconfirm your full name and your home address and also your phone

Best regards.
Mr.Micheal Bill

Anti-fraud resources: