fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (Outblaze.com, Hong Kong; can be used from anywhere worldwide)
Fraud email example:
From: James Berg <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Thu, 13 Apr 2023 00:35:05 -0700
Subject: Dear Customer,
FedEx Standard Overnight
270 W 43rd St, New York, NY 10036
We are contacting you regarding the abandoned parcel in your name. Our
Courier was unable to deliver the parcel to you because the shipment
fee was not paid. The content of the parcel is an ATM Card, You are
advised to respond if your package was not delivered?
Kindly re-confirm your details to us.
Your Full Name:......
A copy of your I.D Card.....
Note that the delivery fee is $120 only, This fee will be paid before
the tracking details will be sent to you, Please do not reply if you
are not willing to pay the delivery charges.
Thank you for choosing FedEx,