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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Sani Idris Ibrahim <>
Date: Wed, 12 Apr 2023 19:55:41 +0200
Subject: Good Day,

*Good Day,*

*This letter serves as a confirmation of my interest to partner with you on
a long term profitable venture with my company; I need a potential business
partner in a crude oil venture of two million barrels monthly involving the
National Oil Corporation of Libya (NOC) and an Asia Refining Company.*

*This crude oil venture will gain commissions up to the value of $6 Million
in revenue approximately per trade with the NOC; I will present you with
more details of this venture subsequent to your response.*

*Regards, *

*Sani Idris Ibrahim *

*Email: ** <>*

*Independent Feasibility/Project Management Consultant*

*Oil Refining Companies Africa/Asia*

Anti-fraud resources: