fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "from the desk of" (a common phrase found in 419 scams)
- "central bank of nigeria" (the name of a person or institution often appearing in 419 scams)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "Mr.Akinwunmi Gowon" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Mon, 10 Apr 2023 16:34:18 +0100
Subject: RESPONSE NEEDED Central Bank Of Nigeria $17.5 M Payment
Click here to learn more about our Head Office complex
Central Bank Of Nigeria
Our Ref: BON/IRU/SFE/15.5/WD/011
8 am-9 pm Eastern Daylight Time (EDT)
Saturday and Sunday
8 am-4 pm Eastern Daylight Time (EDT)
Account Name: Sir.
The Foreign Remittance Telegraphic Dept C.B.N has Final ordered
Credit your Associated Bank with your crude interest to your
Note if you do not receive your transfer Alert up till date Please
contact Director, Currency Operations Â· Central Bank of Nigeria:
Dr .Ahmed Bello Umar C.B.N Credit Currency Operations......E- mail
( email@example.com ) (Tel No +234 901 939 5850)
To enable you start making cash Withdrawals from your account Same
Day Because your funds will reflect 3 hours after the transfer.
Call your bank and confirm your account.Note you are to re confirm
your account for the good transfer did lest week to your account.
As we have Waited for so Long and we Cannot Continue to wait then to
transfer your payment with account we have in our fill.s
Please for further details, kindly email me with your direct contact
information to my private email address: me with the following
Your full Name.
Your home or office Address.
Your mobile Number.
Your Date of Birth.
Thanks Final Credit to your account
RESPONSE NEEDED Central Bank Of Nigeria $17.5 M
From the desk of