fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "claim agent" (real lotteries do not use a "claim agent" / "fiduciary agent")
- "million united states dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a fake lottery scam. Consider the following facts about real lotteries:
- They don't notify winners by email.
- You can't win without first buying a lottery ticket.
- They don't randomly select email addresses to award prizes to.
- They don't use free email accounts (Yahoo, Hotmail, etc) to communicate with you.
- They don't tell you to call a mobile phone number.
- They don't tell you to keep your winnings secret.
- They will never ask a winner to pay any fees to receive a prize!
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "Yahoo Customer Care." <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Mon, 10 Apr 2023 11:25:04 +0100
Subject: Congratulations!!From Yahoo Customer Care 2023.
Customer Care Department .
Electronic Email Award
Conducted in Our African
Regional Office Nigeria.
Dear Lucky Winner,
This is to inform you that Your Personal E-mail address or your Company
have won a prize money of One Million United States Dollars Only
(US$1,000 000.00) in this YEAR 2023 YAHOO!
Lottery promotion which is organized by YAHOO! LOTTERY INC for the
introduction and Launching of our new YAHOO!BETA MAIL which all YAHOO!
subscribers are required to switch to. YAHOO MAIL CLASSIC! & MICROSOFT
arranged and gathered all the e-mail addresses of the people that are
active online, among the Millions that subscribe at YAHOO!, HOTMAIL and
others we only selected THREE (3) candidates as our winners after
undergoing the random selection process through Electronic Balloting
System (E.B.S) without the candidate applied, we congratulate you for
being one of the people selected.
PAYMENT OF PRIZE AND CLAIM
You are to contact the Claim Agent Dr.James Morgan who will issue you a
clearance paper as a winning certificate approved and certified from our
African Regional office here in Nigeria. And your prize money will be
released to you from any of our regional promotion banks as directed by
the claim agent.
YAHOO! Beta Lottery Prize must be claimed not later than 14 days from
of Draw Notification in which Prize has been won.
Note: Any prize not claimed within this period of 14 days will be
How to claim your prize!!
Please contact claim agent by email or telephone number below:
Claim Agent and Verification Officer.
Name:Dr James Morgan
You are therefore advised to send the following information to him to
facilitate and process the transfer of your fund with any of our Bank
Send your Identification Numbers/Your Personal Information to him so
he will proceed further for your prize claim immediately:
1. Full Name
2. Contact Address
5. Mobile phone Number
6. Month Of Birth.. Day.. Year..
8. Occupation/Company`s Name.:
10.Alternative E-mail address
You are advised to keep your winning information confidential to avoid
claim and abuse of the program until your prize is paid to you.We hope
you're enjoying your new Yahoo!Mail
Note: No amount should be allowed to be deducted from your prize money
a contractual agreement between this board and the paying bank.
We use this opportunity to thank our major network sponsors/promoter for
their support to this year 2023 Yahoo Inc Award Winning draw to the
Yahoo! UK & Ireland
This e-mail is from Yahoo! Head Office USA and approved by the Yahoo!
From Yahoo Customer Care
Copyright Â© 2023 Yahoo Inc!.
All rights reserved.