fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "million dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "firstname.lastname@example.org" (this email address has been used in a known scam)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
Fraud email example:
From: "Mr. Albert Benjamin" <email@example.com>
Date: Sat, 8 Apr 2023 10:15:01 -0700
Subject: URGENT ATTN: FOR YOUR DONATION GIFT PACKAGE!
ATTENTION FOR YOUR DONATION GIFT PACKAGE
Hope you are good, I have registered the ATM MASTER CARD with DHL COMPANY this morning as we agreed with the World Bank, United Nations and Bank of America introduced this payment arrangement as to enable all the Contract, Winning Prize, inheritance beneficiary to receive their fund without any interference, and the delivery will take off by next tomorrow morning based on my agreement with DHL Director Mr. Henry Davis, direct line +22952992721 contact. MOST IMPORTANT: is to reconfirm your full names, phone / Identification card / and your current location to your Home address direct his email,
Then contact the DHL via the following email:(firstname.lastname@example.org) Note that you will pay for delivery charge only through iTunes card or buy a Steam card which is $185 USD. And your amount in the Card is US$4.5Million dollars, the Pin code of your ATM CARD is: (2751)
Thank you for your understanding.
My best always.
Mr. Albert Benjamin
(From United Bank for Africa(UBA)