fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "00,000.00" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "you are advice to " (this email uses bad English)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
Fraud email example:
From: JAMES UDA <email@example.com>
Date: Fri, 7 Apr 2023 21:37:53 +0100
Subject: YOUR FUNDS
I am contacting you now base on the issue in my office this morning
your payment file which contain your $4,300,000.00USD was brought to
my office by the Bank of Africa here in Nigeria who ordered me to sign
the cancellation of your payment file and I asked him why and he said
that you are not interested and insult him because they told you to
pay the fee to receive your funds.
So therefore, I decided to write you because I followed the law and I
will not be against anybody in this world and I think that maybe he
has a little problem with you. I have not touched your payment file
untill I hear from you because I have a human sympathy.
You are advice to reconfirm the following below information if you are
still interested in receiving your funds to avoid mistakes for the
delivery of your funds.
1. Full Name:............
5. Phone Number:.........
6. WhatsApp Number:......
So my dear I need to know exactly what happened and if you are still
interested in receiving your funds then get back to me now so that I
will give you information where to send fee and receive your funds
through my position and power.
Yoururgent reply is needed.
Chief Justice James Uda
WhatsApp Number/Cell Ph.+2348067201316