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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Mr Hill John <>
Date: Thu, 6 Apr 2023 14:55:28 +0100
Subject: Attention


We have deposited the check of your fund ([$2.5m usd) through Money
Gram department after our finally meeting regarding your fund,All you
will do is to contact Money Gram director Mr.Julius Holy
E-mail( He will give you direction on how you
will be receiving the funds daily.Remember to send him,with your Full
information to avoid wrong transfer such as,

Receiver's Name_______________
Address: ________________
Country: _____________
Phone Number: _____________

Though,Mr.Julius Holy has sent $5,000 in your name today so contact
Mr.Julius Holy call him +229-611 336 08 Remember to send him,with your
Full information to avoid wrong transfer such as,question/answer to
pick the $5,000 Please let us know as soon as you received all your

Best Regard From
Mr Hill John

Anti-fraud resources: