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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Office File <>
Date: Thu, 6 Apr 2023 07:27:55 +0100
Subject: Attn: Email ID Owner.

Attn: Email ID Owner.


The IMF is compensating all the email address, that was fund as one of
the ward win Victims and your mail address and your name is listed one
of approved to pay sum of $3.7 million U.S DOLLARS. We have concluded
to effect your own payment through Western Union Money Transfer to
easy pick up those fund in good condition,$4,000 twice daily until the
total sum of $3.7million usd is completely transferred to you. We now
need your information where we will be sending the funds,such
as;Receiver name(Your full Name)address and phone number. Contact
Western Union with this E-mail: ( ) with
your full information. For urgent enquiry call Mr.Paul Williams +229
61167883 for the payment.

Mr.Paul Williams
Call Tel; +229-61167883
E-mail :(

Call Mr.Paul Williams immediately you get this mail to enable him
speed up your payment immediately to released the $4000 dollar MTCN to
you for your pick up the payment OK.

(1)Your Full name:
(2)Your Phone number:
(3)Your Country:
(4)Your Age:


Mrs. Susan Ude
Contact Dir. Western Union Money Transfer,
Cotonou, Benin-Republic.

Anti-fraud resources: