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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr " <>
Date: Mon, 03 Apr 2023 20:24:55 -0700
Subject: Dear

Good Day Sir/Madam

Be inform that we have been authorized by the United Nations debt reconciliation unit to release your approved compensation and award of four million five hundred thousand dollars $4,500,000.00 USD.

However, for security reasons, your compensation funds has been loaded in ATM visa card and this will enable only you to have direct access to the funds.

You are hereby advised to contact our regional payment officer in the person of Mr.Abdou W. Moustapha for immediate delivery of the card to you.

Here is his contact details below:

Name: Abdou W. Moustapha
Phone number: +229-965-213-64
Email address:

Anti-fraud resources: