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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr. Brian Moynihan" <>
Date: Sat, 1 Apr 2023 04:39:35 +0100
Subject: =?UTF-8?Q?YOUR_ATM_CARD_valued_=E2=82=AC12=2E7_Million_Euros?=

My name is Mr John Akajiugo, Accountant General Central Bank of
Nigeria (CBN), I have been advised by the office of the President for
an immediate fund transfer while I advise you to respond to this mail
for an immediate release of your ATM CARD valued €12.7 Million Euros
only. Be informed to kindly forward your Name, Address and your Cell
phone number for immediately release of your ATM CARD, all the legal
documents will be provided to you.

Thank you,Mr John Akajiugo,Accountant General CBN
Tel: +22969452343

Anti-fraud resources: