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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Barrister Abeg Oliva <>
Date: Fri, 31 Mar 2023 02:44:04 -0700
Subject: Urgent respond for your ATM card

Good day,

This is Barrister Mr. Abeg Oliva from Benin Republic that signed for
your compensation fund with amount of $3.5million usd ordered from
United Nation to receive with ATM card through DHL Company.I mailed to
know why you are delaying to receive the ATM card from the company or
do you want Government to receive the money back.

Please email with this: and send me your
whatsApp number for easy communication

Barrister Abeg Oliva

Anti-fraud resources: