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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Barr. Ariel Loftcheek" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Wed, 29 Mar 2023 22:19:14 -0700
Subject: I promise you 100% risk free and legitimate transactions.

You may be surprised to receive my letter, however, I got your contact from the U.S Chamber of Commerce (USCC), I have decided to contact you for confidential, urgent and rewarding joint business.
My name is Barr. Ariel Loftcheek, a solicitor and personal lawyer, to the late Engr. Andrew H. Robertson who was among those who died in the Turkey earthquake in January 1999.  My aim of writing to you my good friend is for a trusted and honest person, who I can entrust with the sum of $65,800 US dollar (Sixty  Five   Million, Eight Hundred thousand
United State Dollars),
View the website of the Turkey earthquake:
The truth of the matter is, I and my late client Engr. Andrew H. Robertson deposited the money in one of the state security companies in Spain  For an investment after he retired from active service before his sudden death.
Hence, I am asking for your assistance to have this money in your care as the next of kin to my late client. I have all the entitled documents which I can change to your name that will enable you to have access to the money. The Sharing ratio 30% for you 60% for officials and 10% have mapped out for any expenses that may be incurred during the execution of this transaction.
Please send to me this information:
  (1) Your full name: ..............
  (2) Your complete address: ...........
  (3) Your telephone/ cell numbers: ............
  (4) Sex/Marital status: .........................
  (5) Your International passport /ID card: ....................
  (6) Occupation: ...............................................
This information will enable me to make a change of ownership to your name as the original beneficiary of the money and change other related documents in your favor to affect the claim for the money to be delivered to you successfully in your country which I want to use my own share to invest in your country of any business of your choice which will be profitable to both of us.
I promise you 100% risk free and legitimate transactions. Please advise me on your position by email :( immediately, indicating your interest to assist me for more directives.
Barr. Ariel Loftcheek
Telephone Number: +34 632 598 923

Anti-fraud resources: