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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Herbert Hilton" <>
Date: Thu, 30 Mar 2023 06:12:43 +0800
Subject: Inquiry

I am Mr. Herbert Hilton, I am looking for a reliable and trustworthy
overseas investment partner, Do you have any good business ideas
in mind that require funding or do you need a personal loan to fund
your business for as low as 3% interest per annum.

Kindly contact me if interested so that we can deliberate further
via email:
WhatsApp: +32460247966

Herbert Hilton
Chief Executive Officer

Anti-fraud resources: